If you suffer from diabetes, or are at risk for diabetes, it is strongly recommended that you come in for a comprehensive, dilated eye examination at least once a year. This eye examination is covered under OHIP, so you can focus on your eye care without worrying if you can afford the exam. Early detection and treatment can prevent any issues from getting much worse.
Diabetes can cause many severe eye problems that develop without distorting vision or causing pain, making them hard to diagnose. Most conditions such as glaucoma or cataract are treatable, but if they are not detected early enough they can progress into vision loss or potential blindness. Diabetic retinopathy is a serious complication that is the most common of eye problems for those with diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels in the eye are damaged by high levels of glucose in the blood. There are many treatment methods for diabetic retinopathy, however the earlier it is diagnosed the more effective the treatment is. The less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop retinopathy. You may not have symptoms in the early stages, though as it progresses you may see spots or dark strings floating in your vision, have blurred or fluctuating vision, dark or empty areas in your vision or vision loss. Careful management of your diabetes is the best way to prevent vision loss, as diabetes is the leading cause of adult-onset blindness. Most of these complications via diabetes can be treated or prevented entirely with early diagnosis and health management.
For more information, or to schedule an appointment with our optometrists, call or stop by Complete Family Eyecare in North York, Ontario.